The SHAPES Open Call funding uses a “lump sum” approach. This means that we do not require legal proof of costs incurred. However, an estimate of expected costs needs to be provided in the application. Payment of each part of the funding is dependent on the completion of phases and submission of deliverables (reports and/or prototypes) as agreed in the contract between SHAPES coordinator and the contractor. Note that in exceptional circumstances the EC reserves the right to request proof of costs incurred. Hence we recommend that Open Call winners keep relevant proof for a period of time defined by EC.